was founded in 1070 by king Olav Kyrre; its name was Bjørgvin, "the green meadow among the mountains". This uses material from Wikipedia which is released under the. Four large bridges connect Bergen to its suburban municipalities. It served as Norways capital in the 13th century, and from the end of the 13th century became a bureau city of the Hanseatic League. Bergen is the second-largest city in Norway.